Zhou Enlai


Zhou Enlai
(1898–1976)
   One of the major Chinese communist leaders in the 20th century and the first premier of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Born in the Jiangsu province Zhou studied at Nankai University and in Japan (1917–19) and France (1920–24). In Europe he helped organize branches of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and when he returned to China in 1924 he played a significant part in the first United Front. In 1927 he was elected to the CCP Central Committee and Politburo, and he was one of the leaders of the Long March in 1934–35. He was a key representative of the CCP in negotiations with the Kuomintang mediated by the United States, and after the communists came to power in 1949 he was appointed premier and foreign minister. As foreign minister (until 1958) he helped to improve China’s standing and its foreign relations with a number of countries. He attended the 1954 Geneva Conference on Indochina and the 1955 Asian–African Conference in Indonesia, and he negotiated the five principles of peaceful coexistence with the Indian leader Jawaharlal Nehru that formed the basis of China’s foreign policy up until 1958. He was also involved in the policy of dialogue with the United States and Japan in the early 1970s that saw the signing of the1972 Shanghai Communiqué with President Richard Nixon. As premier he generally had a moderating, stabilizing influence, for example endeavoring to limit the disruption of the Cultural Revolution. After the death of Lin Biao in 1971, Zhou was number two in the Chinese leadership hierarchy after Mao. Zhou died in office in 1976.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Zhou Enlaï — Zhou Enlai Zhou Enlai est un nom chinois ; le nom de famille, Zhou, précède donc le prénom. Zhou Enlai 周恩来 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ZHOU ENLAI — [TCHEOU NGEN LAI] (1898 1976) Après des études classiques et un passage à l’université Waseda de T 拏ky 拏, Zhou Enlai, qui est né à Shaoxiang (Zhejiang) dans une famille aisée de lettrés, participe au Mouvement du 4 mai en 1919 et se joint aux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Zhou Enlai — Zhou Enlai. Photographie aus dem Jahr 1946 Zhōu Ēnlái auch Chou En Lai (chinesisch 周恩來 / 周恩来, W. G. Chou Ên lai; * 5. März 1898 in Huai’an, Provinz Jiangsu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zhou Enlai —   [dʒɔʊ ], Chou En lai, Tschou En lai, chinesischer Politiker, * Huai an (Provinz Jiangsu) 1898, ✝ Peking 8. 1. 1976; aus einer Beamtenfamilie, in konfuzianischer Tradition erzogen, studierte 1917 19 in Japan, schloss sich 1919 der revolutionären …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zhou Enlai — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zhou. Zhou Enlai 周恩来 1st Premier of the People s Republic of China In offic …   Wikipedia

  • Zhou Enlai — Dans ce nom chinois, le nom de famille, Zhou, précède le prénom. Zhou Enlai 周恩来 Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zhou Enlai — Este es un nombre chino; el apellido es Zhou. De izquierda a derecha: el reportero estadounidense Edgar Snow, Zhou Enlai y su esposa Deng Yingchao en 1938. Zhou Enlai (chino simplificado: 周恩来, chino tradicional: 周恩來, pinyin: Zhōu Ēnlái, Wade… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Zhou Enlai — /joh en luy /; Chin. /joh un luy / 1898 1976, Chinese Communist leader: premier 1949 76. Also, Chou En lai. * * * or Chou En lai born March 5, 1898, Huai an, Jiangsu province, China died Jan. 8, 1976, Beijing Chinese communist leader, premier… …   Universalium

  • Zhou Enlai — Éste es un nombre chino; el apellido es Zhou. Zhou Enlai (chino simplificado: 周恩来, chino tradicional: 周恩來, pinyin: Zhōu Ēnlái, Wade Giles: Chou En lai) (Huai an, 5 de marzo de 1898 – Pekín, 8 de enero de 1976) fue un destacado político d …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zhou Enlai — Zhou En|lai (1898 1976) a Chinese politician who was Foreign Minister from 1949 to 1958 and Prime Minister from 1949 to 1976 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Zhou Enlai — Zhou En•lai or Chou En lai [[t]ˈdʒoʊ ɛnˈlaɪ[/t]] n. big 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader: premier 1949–76 …   From formal English to slang